Rowley Coats Of Arms

Brett, Sir Henry, White Wings: founding of the provinces and old-time shipping.
Passenger ships from 1840 to 1885. The Brett Printing Co. Ltd. 1924-1928 Auckland.
The Mystery, a fine powerful ship of 1069 tons, sent out by the White Star Co., made three successful voyages to New Zealand with passengers and general cargo. On the first occasion she sailed into Lyttelton Harbour on March 20, 1859, with the yellow flag flying. Captain Mathews reported having sailed from London on December 29, 1858. Soon after clearing the land smallpox and scarlet fever broke out, and before reaching Lyttelton fifteen of the 300 immigrants on board had died and been buried at sea. The ship made a good run of 83 days, land to land, or 91 port to port. On arrival the ship was placed in quarantine.

The Mystery made a second voyage to Lyttelton in 1862, under the command of Captain Strapp. On this occasion she sailed from London with 208 Government immigrants on October 18, 1861, and arrived at Lyttelton on January 3, 1862, having completed another smart passage of 80 days, port to port.

In 1864 the Mystery, still under the command of Captain Strapp, sailed from London with 85 passengers on December 12, 1863, and arrived at Port Chalmers on April 17, 1864. She was detained in the English channel for 18 days by furious gales, and did not take her final departure until December 30.1

From the Lyttelton Times, March 30, 1859, New Zealand.
Arrived - March 29 ship Mystery, 1069 tons, E. Mathews, from the Downs, December 28. Cabin passengers:-Mr and Mrs Scott, Wm. Hudson, Henry J. Dobree, Bertha Robertson, J.H. Welch.

The names of the Government immigrants are published below.

The Mystery is a fine handsome ship of 1069 tons register, and brings to our shores a full complement of passengers, numbering nearly 300 souls. She cleared from Gravesend on December 13, but meeting foul winds in the channel, did not leave the Downs till the 28th of that month, since when she has had favourable and fine weather. We regret to say that some sickness has appeared on board-namely smallpox and measles at the commencement, cases of the former disease having broken out before the departure of the ship from England. The families among whom it appeared were, of course, not permitted to proceed with the ship. This sickness did not continue, but some deaths of children occurred as usual during the voyage, and about a week before reaching port a case of scarlet fever appeared, though its effects were confined solely to one family, and when port was reached there was no sickness whatever on board. The ship, however, hoisted the yellow flag, and brought up off the quarantine ground, some distance below the usual anchorage, and no communication was permitted between the persons on board and the shore boats the whole of yesterday. For this reason we are unable to give the names and dates of the deaths which numbered 15 in all. The births during the voyage were five in number.

We are happy to say that after only one day's probation the Mystery has been admitted to pratique. A quarantine board was appointed on Tuesday afternoon, the same day the ship arrived, and on investigation it was found quite unnecessary to cause any detention whatever. The yellow flag was therefore hauled down the next morning, when the result of the deliberations was transmitted to the ship, and she came up to the customary anchorage. The next day (Thursday) all the passengers, except a few girls and the ship's constables, were landed, a large number proceeding with their baggage straight to Christchurch by steamer. On inspection we find that the Mystery surpasses almost any previous emigrant ship in her accommodation. She is of large size, upwards of 1000 tons register, and is eight and a half feet high between decks. She is also well ventilated and her general arrangements for 'tween deck passengers are exceedingly good. Further than this, she is particularly clean and sweet and her passengers seem in a good state of health, and well contented. Two are invalids, one a case of bronchitis, the other after confinement. Besides these there is no ill health now, whatever might have been the case at the beginning of the voyage. The building formerly used as the bank has been appropriated for the use of the immigrants, in addition to the usual barracks.


An abstract of the census returns has been handed to us as we were going to press. It is complete with the exception of the Timaru returns. Even exclusive of the population of that district the province is shown to have contained 8611 inhabitants, a number much larger than would have been guessed as probable by anyone.

.........migration Officer with the following list of Government immigrants who sailed in the Mystery on December 15 from Gravesend. For the first time we have an accurate list of the trades and occupations of each male adult, which we append. They are as follows:-

Families- I.T. Blakelock, shipwright, wife and son;
T. Lawrence, carpenter, wife and two children;
R. Ball, blacksmith, wife and two children;
R. Clark, labourer, wife and seven children;
T. Hunt, joiner, wife and five children;
H. Firmston, carpenter, wife and child;
J. Keetley, smith, wife and five children;
R. McIntosh, ploughman, and wife;
B. Coton, labourer, and wife;
J. Rowley, labourer, wife and eight children;
W. Watson, labourer, wife and three children;
J. Whitmore, mechanic, wife and five children;
J. Carter, labourer, and wife;
T. Raine, gardener, wife and six children;
T. Milner, joiner, wife and three children;
J. Briggs, quaryman, and wife;
J. Neild, sawyer, wife and child;
H. Palsworth, labouerer, and wife;
T. Emerson, farm servant, and wife;
W. Olliver, wife and five children;
W. Hargreaves, farm servant, and wife;
W. Foster, weaver, wife and child;
R. Jones, bookbinder, wife and two children;
S. Harwood, labourer, wife and four children;
M. Wagner, labourer, and wife;
Z. Leigh, smith, wife and three children;
M. Melbourne, smith, wife and three children;
J. Mummery, labourer, and wife;
T. Partridge, labourer, and wife;
J. Horniblow, carpenter, wife and six children;
B. Clegg, quarryman, wife and child;
Jesse Argent, labourer, wife and child;
J. Hurst, clockmaker, wife and two children;
J. Grubbs, shepherd, wife and three children;
T. Burt, farmer, wife and four children;
A. Smith, labourer, wife and child;
J. Len, bricklayer, and wife;
J. Feldwick, wife and seven children;
W. Verroll, carpenter, wife and five children;
J. Lockhead, wife and three children;
J. Groves, labourer, wife and two children;
W. Crump, labourer, wife and child;
H. Smith, cabman, wife and child;
S. J. Jenkins, carpenter, wife and child;
R. Martin, woodman, wife and six children;
D. Henderson and wife;
R. Erskine, gardener, wife and four children;
J. Hunt, labourer, wife and child;
H. Blake, painter and glazier, wife and child;
J. Shaw, wheelwright, wife and eight children;
R.W. Bowbyes, boatman and wife;
J. H. Newton, mariner, wife and four children;
W. L. Roberts, mariner, and wife;
H. Clayson, mariner, and wife;
M. C. Cory, mariner, wife and four children;
P. R. Buttress, boatman, wife and four children;
N. Heyward, wife and three children;
J. Gardner, mariner, wife and two children;
R. Rogers, mariner, wife and five children;
E. Newton, mariner, wife and three children;
R. Morris, mariner, wife and child;
W.F. Morton, schoolmaster, wife and four children;
T. Whyman, mariner, wife and eight children;
J. Johnston, wife and eight children;
Total 64 families, equal to 193 adults.

Single men - E. Ford, cooper and sawyer;
H. Kite, Coachbuilder;
J. J. Allen, labourer;
T. Slater, carpenter;
R. Sawyer, labourer;
W.O. Cawkwell, cabinetmaker, and son;
E. Pointon, labourer;
T. Eales, brass-finisher;
T. Preece, farm servant;
A. Morrison, ploughman;
J. Brown, ploughman;
W. Clark, labourer;
J. Hayland, labourer;
G. Bedford;
also four Scotch shepherds not named, and seventeen sons of families above mentioned. Total, 37.

Single women - K. Leonard, servant;
Mrs J. Boniface, sempstress, and three children;
E. May, servant;
M. E. Eales, domestic servant;
Mrs W. Ward, field servant and child;
M. and J. Bruce, domestic servants;
R. Smith,
F. M. and M. Wayland,
E. Maloney,
A. Bartley,
E. Prior,
M. A. Stokes,
H. Pulham,
E. Bennet,
M. A. Bell,
M. Hewit,
E. Lambert,
A. Owen,
M. Cann, matron;
also seventeen adult daughters of families mentioned above. Total, 42.

Grand total of Government immigrants aboard equal to 272 adults.

From the Lyttelton Times, April 2, 1859, New Zealand.
Owing to the fact that there was no communication between the Mystery and the shore previous to our last publication we were unable to supply sundry particulars respecting the passage. The families of Newton and Heyward, though shown on the list of passengers, were put on shore again before the departure of the vessel on account of sickness breaking out among them. The list given, also, did not contain the names of the second cabin passengers, who were Mr and Mrs Gurland, Mesers W. Amos, G. Burnley, J. Gould, J. E. and J. C. Gillespie, J. Frame, W. J. Dawe, J. Cunningham, and A. Blackand. The surgeon is Mr Richardson, a gentleman who has had considerable experience on board ships, as we understand, sailing out of United States ports. His skill and attention are acknowledged by the passengers, not only individually, but in a quasi public form, in a newspaper published on board, which we have been permitted to look over. Captain Mathews has also secured the hearty good will of all on board. The deaths which occurred were in all fifteen in number of which several are described as having happened from the after effects of smallpox in the first three weeks of the voyage. The rest are from debility and similar causes, and all are children. The names and dates of the deaths are as follows:--
Dale Album.
The Library,
Canterbury Museum
Christchurch, New Zealand.
(Not to be reproduced without acknowledgement)